An electroencephalogram detects abnormalities in the brain waves or electrical activity of the brain. During the procedure, electrodes consisting of small metal discs with thin wires are pasted on the scalp. The electrodes detect tiny electrical charges that result from the activity of the brain cells. The charges are amplified and appear as a graph on a computer screen or as a recording that may be printed out on paper. Your doctor then interprets the reading.
Different types of normal brain waves..
An EEG records patterns of brain activity. Among the basic waveforms are the alpha, beta, theta, and delta rhythms.
• Alpha waves occur at a frequency of 8 to 12 cycles per second in a regular rhythm. They are present only when you are awake but have your eyes closed. Usually they disappear when you open your eyes or start mentally concentrating.
• Beta waves occur at a frequency of 13 to 30 cycles per second. They are usually associated with anxiety, depression, or the use of sedatives.
• Theta waves occur at a frequency of 4 to 7 cycles per second. They are most common in children and young adults.
• Delta waves occur at a frequency of 0.5 to 3.5 cycles per second. They generally occur only in young children during sleep.
During an EEG, typically about 100 pages or computer screens of activity are evaluated. Special attention is paid to the basic waveforms, but brief bursts of energy and responses to stimuli, such as light, are also examined.